Shaykh Abd ar-Razzaq al-Abbaad [May Allah reward the Shaykh] *:
“When Fitan (trials and tribulations) occurred during the time of the Ta’bioon, a man came to Talq ibn Habeeb (may Allah have mercy upon him) – and he is from amongst the Scholars of the Tabi’oon – and the man said to him, “Indeed Fitna has come, so how should we protect ourselves from it?”. Talq replied, “Protect yourselves from it with Taqwa.” So they said, “Summarize that for us.” Meaning explain to us Taqwa in a summarized explaination. Talq said, “Taqwa of Allah: [Is] That you do the acts of obedience to Allah upon light from Allah seeking the reward of Allah, and that you leave off the disobedience to Allah upon light from Allah fearing the punishment of Allah.” This shows that the Taqwa of Allah is not just a statement which a person says with his tongue, or something which he calls to. Rather, the Taqwa of Allah is something which is hidden inside of the Believer, outwardly expressed on his limbs. His heart is steadfast upon the obedience of Allah, compliant and submissive to the command of Allah, and his limbs are obedient.
Indeed the Prophet sallahu alayhi wasalam said:
“Unquestionably, in the body there is a lump of flesh; if it is sound, the whole body is sound, and if it is corrupt, the whole body is corrupt, and behold, it is the heart.” [Bukhari and Muslim]
And He said sallahu alayhi wasalam:
“Taqwa is here” and he pointed to his chest three times. [Muslim]
So the Taqwa of Allah is restoration for the inside by which the outside of the person is rectified and upright. It (Taqwa) is doing the commands and leaving off the prohibitions as Talq said, “..that you do the acts of obedience to Allah..” , then he said, “..and that you leave off the disobedience to Allah..”. So in this there is the acts which are commanded and leaving off that which is prohibited. Upon that, the Muslim should always be during his entire life. If the Fitan become greater, the devoutness of the Muslim to Allah should become greater by acting upon His commands and leaving off His prohibitions! He should be devout to Him through prayer, worship, charity, goodness, righteousness, and at the same time he should avoid disobedience. [He should] Move away from disobedience and be cautious of falling in it.
Indeed it has come in the authentic hadeeth that the Prophet sallahu alayhi wasalam said:
“Allah in His glory. How much of Allah’s treasures have been brought down tonight, and how much temptation (Fitan)! Who would wake up the women in these rooms (meaning his wives) so that they would pray?”[Bukhari]
Therefore Fitan require Salat and Ibaadah. They require actions of obedience to Allah. They require distancing oneself from disobedience. It has come in another hadeeth that the Prophet sallalahu alayhi wasalam said:
“Worship at times of tribulation (Fitan) is like Hijrah (migration) to me.” [Muslim]
This shows us that the Muslim is in need, at all times and during his entire life, that he be devoted to the worship of Allah and to His obedience preserving His commands while being far from His prohibitions. So if a persons affair with Allah is like this then Allah will preserve him and safeguard him. Did the Prophet sallahu alayhi wasalam not say:
“Preserve Allah and he will preserve you. Preserve Allah and you will find him in front of you. If you ask, then ask Allah; and if you seek aid, seek aid from Allah. Know! If the Ummah [nation] gathered to benefit you with something, they wouldn’t benefit you except with something Allah wrote [i.e.,decreed] for you. And if the Ummah gathered to harm you with something, they wouldn’t be able to harm you except with something Allah wrote for you. The pens have been lifted and the pages have dried.” [Tirmidhi]